It is imperative that all athletes understand the requirements when it comes to sample collection conducted by the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA). ASADA is responsible for coordinating Australia's anti-doping program which helps protect your rights to compete on a level playing field free from banned doping practices.
- ASADA General Information
- World Anti-Doping Code for 2012-2013
- Therapeutic Use Exemption
- Testing Pools: DTP and RTP Athletes
- Athlete Retirement and Reinstatment
- Anti Doping Organisations - Useful Contacts and references
- Frequently Asked Questions
ASADA GENERAL INFORMATION
Any Gymnast attending a National Championships may be subject to in-competition testing. Out-of-Competition testing will only apply to athletes who are listed on ASADA's Registered Testing Pool (RTP). ASADA will notify athletes by registered mail when selected onto the RTP. Until this time athletes will remain on the Domestic Testing Pool (DTP) and are not required to complete the quarterly Athlete Whereabouts Information.
WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODE FOR 2012-2013
Changes to the World Anti-Doping Code will be in force from 1 January 2013.
The Prohibited List as well as links to the mobile site are available on the WADA site.
Some substances are banned at all times, and others in-competition only. Here are some examples:
Cold & Decongestant medications: (stimulants)
• Phenylephrine and chlorephramine are permitted in and out of competition
• Pseudoephedrine is banned in-competition only – cease medication 24 hours before competing.
These medications are now permitted at all times:
• Salbutamol (Ventolin, Aeromir, Asmol)
• Salmeterol (Seretide, Serevent)
• Formoterol (Symbicort, Foradile, Oxis)
• Inhaled corticosteroids (Becotide, Flixotide, Pulmicort)
• Oral corticosteroids (prednisolone, Solone) – cease medication 6 days before competition
Banned in and out of competition:
• Terbutaline (Bricanyl)
THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTION
Occasionally an athlete may require a medication for a legitimate medical condition. A Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) is an exemption that allows an athlete to use, for therapeutic purposes only, an otherwise prohibited substance or method (of administering a substance) which may be present during competition. TUE applications are submitted to ASDMAC and may take up to 30 days to process.
In an emergency your health comes first. If your health depends on a prohibited substance or method, submit a TUE application immediately after treatment has occurred (retroactive TUE).
You can check substances and apply for TUE at: www.asdmac.gov.au.
TESTING POOLS: DTP AND RTP ATHLETES
Domestic Testing Pool (DTP) Athletes
The Domestic Testing Pool includes athletes who are at a senior competitive level and is determined by Gymnastics Australia. Listed athletes are required to ensure any changes to any contact details (address, phone numbers, email address) are supplied to Gymnastics Australia as soon as they become available. This is an ASADA requirement. Athlete details and attendance at competitions and training camps will be provided to ASADA by GA.
Please note all athletes who meet the definition of a 'competitor' may be tested at any time.
Registered Testing Pool (RTP) Athletes
Athletes can be added to the Registered Testing Pool at ANY time and will receive notification by ASADA. Typically athletes on National Squads will be included in the RTP, as well as other athletes as required. Athletes who are part of the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) need to let ASADA know where they are going to be, at specific times, so that ASADA can perform no-advance notice testing.
Athlete Whereabouts are filed online via ASADA's Athlete Whereabouts online system. If not filing whereabouts online, athletes need to fill out the Regular Schedule form and fax, mail or email the form back to ASADA.
It is YOUR obligation to ensure the "Whereabouts" Form is received by ASADA each quarter, on or before the due dates provided.
Athletes who fail to provide current, complete and accurate "Whereabouts Information' by the due date may have declarations made against them which could give rise to anti-doping violations.
As an elite athlete you are responsible for any substances found in your system. ASADA recommends that you always check the status of medications and other related products (prior to use). You can access an on-line list of banned and permitted medications as well as your rights and responsibilities as an athlete using the Check Your Substances online tool.
Be particularly aware that various supplements may contain banned substances that are not clearly listed. Detection of these banned substances will still incur a sanction even if the athlete is not aware of how it entered the body. It is an athletes' responsibility to know what is banned and permitted under Gymnastics Australia's Anti-Doping Policy.
ATHLETE RETIREMENT AND REINSTATEMENT
When a National Squad athlete wishes to retire from competitive gymnastics it is important they understand and follow the requirements and obligations set out in the GA Anti-Doping Policy. If an athlete, once retired, wants to return to the sport there are ALSO obligations and processes that need to be followed.
In summary, athletes need to notify Gymnastics Australia and ASADA by returning the ASADA Retirement Notification Form. The athlete will need to be available for testing until the actual date of retirement. If a retired athlete wishes to return to competition, the athlete must inform both Gymnastics Australia and ASADA by completing theASADA Reinstatement Request Form. The athlete will then need to be available for out -of-competition testing; as per RTP athletes.
Competition after reinstatement
The athlete will be eligible to compete in Domestic competitions run under the auspices of Gymnastics Australia 6 months after receipt of the request, and International competitions 12 months after the receipt of the request, provided that there is no violation of the Anti-Doping Policy.
For further information, please review the relevant sections of the Gymnastics Australia Anti-Doping Policy which must be adheared to.
ANTI DOPING ORGANISATIONS - USEFUL CONTACTS AND REFERENCES
Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA)
Website - www.asada.gov.au
Hotline - 13 000 ASADA (1300 027232) (operating seven days a week from 8am to 8pm (AEST))
International - +61 2 6222 4288
Fax - +61 2 6222 4201
Email - firstname.lastname@example.org
Australian Sports Drug Medical Advisory Committee (ASDMAC)
Website - www.asdmac.gov.au
Phone - 13 000 ASADA (1300 027232)
Email - email@example.com
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)
Website – www.wada-ama.org
Gymnastics Australia Chief Medical Officers:
Dr Don McIntosh - firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Kathy Yu - email@example.com
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is a TUE?
A Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) allows an athlete to use a controlled or banned medication if there is a medical requirement for using it. Athletes apply to the Australian Sports Drug Medical Advisory Committee (ASDMAC) and must give medical evidence that they need to use this medication to treat a medical condition. A copy of all applications for TUE must also be sent to Gymnastics Australia.
I am a junior athlete. Do I have to apply for a TUE for my medication?
ASADA may test any international stream athlete during competition. You are required to submit a TUE if you are using any banned or controlled medication.
I am competing in the State/National Levels system and I am in the open age group. Will I need a TUE for my medication?
YES. All male gymnasts over 18 years and female gymnasts over 16 years will need to have a TUE for a banned or controlled medication if they are competing at the National Championships.
What cough & cold medications can I take?
You can take all decongestants and cough suppressants out-of-competition. During the competition period, you can take decongestants containing phenylephrine or chlorpheniramine.
I am having a cortisone injection into a joint; will I need to apply for a TUE?
No, you will not have to apply for a TUE for any joint or musculoskeletal cortisone injections.
I use a cortisone nasal spray for hayfever; do I need to apply for a TUE?
No, you will not have to apply for a TUE for any inhaled, nasal or skin use of cortisone. You will need to sign a Declaration of Use at the time of drug testing.
For how long is the TUE valid?
The validity of a TUE varies according to the condition and medication used and may be from a number of weeks to cover the treatment of an acute condition, to a year if the condition requires chronic treatment. Gymnasts will be notified in the approval letter from ASDMAC. You will need to update your medical file with your doctor at least yearly.
What supplements can I take?
Some supplements list their ingredients under different names, and it is not possible in many cases to verify the contents of the product. The contents of supplements can vary from batch to batch and may intentionally or unintentionally contain prohibited substances. Athletes who take supplements are, therefore, at risk of committing an inadvertent anti-doping rule violation.
There have been cases where both Australian and international athletes have been sanctioned after they have used supplements that they thought were okay, but which were actually contaminated with prohibited substances.
Vitamin and mineral supplements from reputable manufacturers may be less likely to be contaminated with prohibited substances.
Are recreational drugs banned?
All stimulants are banned in-competition (including amphetamine, methamphetamine, ecstasy).